NASW Foundation National Programs
NASW Social Work Pioneers®
Elwood Camp (1912 - 1989)
Elwood Camp was key to the reconstruction of Army social work after World War II. Serving as the second military chief of the psychiatric social work branch and social work consultant to the Army Surgeon General, he undertook the monumental task of rebuilding the program and encouraging masters degreed social workers to join the service.
Camp was a member of the R.O.T.C. while at the University of Nebraska and attended the Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia. He attained the rank of major while part of the Allied Expeditionary Force, beginning in October 1943. He had left military service in 1946 and was director and service officer of the Lincoln and Lancaster County veterans service center when he responded to an article in the Douglas County Legionaire and returned to active duty as an army social work officer. Later in his career he worked as a social worker for “street boys” in Vietnam and Thailand.
Elwood Camp received his MSW degree from the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, and his B.S. in Journalism from the same university in the 1930’s.
Significant Achievements and Awards
Camp earned a Bronze Star for his service during World War II.
Camp, E.W. (1948). The Army’s psychiatric social work program. The Social Work Journal, April, 877.
Camp, E.W. (1951). Psychiatric social work in the Army today. Adventures in Mental Health, (H.S. Maas, Editor), p. 201-212. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.